Publications

Publication: The Lancet Global Health

Stephen Kaptoge, Lisa Pennells, Dirk De Bacquer, Marie Therese Cooney, Maryam Kavousi, Oyere Onuma, Mark Woodward, Goodarz Danaei, Gregory Roth, Shanthi Mendis, Ian Graham, Cherian Varghese, Majid Ezzati, Rod Jackson, John Danesh & Emanuele Di Angelantonio

1 September 2019


Summary:

Cambridge-led researchers have updated World Health Organisation (WHO) cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction charts to aid efforts to reduce the burden of CVD, one of the most common non-communicable diseases world-wide and responsible for an estimated 17.8 million deaths in 2017.

The research was funded by the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre, WHO, British Heart Foundation (BHF), BHF Cambridge Centre for Research Excellence and UK Medical Research Council.

The revised risk models will help particularly middle- to low-income countries in their efforts to prevent and control CVD. Full story here

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Publication: Nature Biotechnology

Johannes Bargehr, Lay Ping Ong, Maria Colzani, Hongorzul Davaapil, Peter Hofsteen, Shiv Bhandari, Laure Gambardella, Nicolas Le Novère, Dharini Iyer, Fotios Sampaziotis, Florian Weinberger, Alessandro Bertero, Andrea Leonard, William G. Bernard, Amy Martinson, Nichola Figg, Michael Regnier, Martin R. Bennett, Charles E. Murry & Sanjay Sinha

Aug 2019


Summary:

Transplanting an area of damaged tissue with a combination of both heart and muscle cells and supportive cells taken from the outer layer of the heart wall, may be able to help the organs recover from the damage caused by a heart attack. Part funded by the BHF and NIHR and supported by the NIHR Cambridge BRC, researchers have used supportive epicardial cells developed from human stem cells to help transplanted heart cells live longer. Full story here

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Publication: Neuroimage

Grist JT, McLean MA, Riemer F, Schulte RF, Deen SS, Zaccagna F, et al.

2019 Apr 1;189:171-179

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Publication: Journal of Hypertension

Li Y, Hickson SS, McEniery CM, Wilkinson IB, Khir AW.

2019 Feb;37(2):347-355

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Publication: J Proteome Res

Harshfield EL, Koulman A, Ziemek D, Marney L, Fauman EB, Paul DS, et al.

2019 Mar 19.

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Publication: Nature Genetics

Shrine N, Guyatt AL, Erzurumluoglu AM, Jackson VE, Hobbs BD, Melbourne CA, et al.

2019 Mar;51(3):481-493.

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Publication: Journal of the American College of Cardiology Volume 73, Issue 10, 19 March 2019, Pages 1107-1119

Cartlidge TRG, Doris MK, Sellers SL, Pawade TA, White AC, Pessotto R, Kwiecinski J, Fletcher A, Alcaide C, Lucatelli .

73(10):1107-1119 19 Mar 2019

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Publication: Ultrasound Obstetrics Gynecology

Bijl RC, Valensise H, Novelli GP, Vasapollo B, Wilkinson I, Thilaganathan B, et al.

2019 Feb 8;

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Publication: European Respiratory Journal

Nathan SD, Barbera JA, Gaine SP, Harari, S, Martinez FJ, Olschewski H, Olsson KM, Peacock AJ, Pepke-Zaba J, Provencher S, Weissmann N, Werner Seeger W.

2019 Jan; 53(1): 1801914

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Publication: The Lancet

Angela M Wood PhD, P, Stephen Kaptoge, PhD, Adam S Butterworth, PhD, Peter Willeit, MD, Samantha Warnakula, PhD, Thomas Bolton, MMath, Ellie Paige, PhD, Dirk S Paul, PhD, Michael Sweeting, PhD, Stephen Burgess, PhD, Steven Bell, PhD, William Astle, PhD, David Stevens, MSc, Albert Koulman, PhD, Randi M Selmer, PhD, Prof W M Monique Verschuren, PhD, Prof Shinichi Sato, MD, Prof Inger Njølstad, MD, Prof Mark Woodward, PhD, Prof Veikko Salomaa, MD, Prof Børge G Nordestgaard, MD, Prof Bu B Yeap, MBBS, Prof Astrid Fletcher, PhD, Prof Olle Melander, MD, Prof Lewis H Kuller, MD, Beverley Balkau, PhD, Prof Michael Marmot, FMedSci, Prof Wolfgang Koenig, MD, Prof Edoardo Casiglia, MD, Prof Cyrus Cooper, FMedSci, Volker Arndt, MD, Prof Oscar H Franco, MD, Patrik Wennberg, MD, Prof John Gallacher, PhD, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara, MD, Prof Henry Völzke, MD, Christina C Dahm, PhD, Caroline E Dale, PhD, Manuela M Bergmann, PhD, Carlos J Crespo, PhD, Prof Yvonne T van der Schouw, PhD, Prof Rudolf Kaaks, MD, Leon A Simons, MD, Pagona Lagiou, MD, Josje D Schoufour, PhD, Jolanda M A Boer, PhD, Prof Timothy J Key, DPhil, Beatriz Rodriguez, MD, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, PhD, Karina W Davidson, PhD, James O Taylor, MD, Carlotta Sacerdote, PhD, Prof Robert B Wallace, MD, J Ramon Quiros, MD, Prof Rosario Tumino, MD, Dan G Blazer II, MD, Prof Allan Linneberg, MD, Makoto Daimon, MD, Salvatore Panico, MD, Barbara Howard, PhD, Guri Skeie, PhD, Prof Timo Strandberg, MD, Prof Elisabete Weiderpass, PhD, Prof Paul J Nietert, PhD, Prof Bruce M Psaty, MD, Prof Daan Kromhout, PhD, Elena Salamanca-Fernandez, MSc, Prof Stefan Kiechl, MD, Prof Harlan M Krumholz, MD, Sara Grioni, BSc, Domenico Palli, MD, José M Huerta, PhD, Prof Jackie Price, MD, Prof Johan Sundström, MD, Larraitz Arriola, MD, Prof Hisatomi Arima, MD, Ruth C Travis, DPhil, Prof Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, PhD, Anna Karakatsani, MD, Prof Antonia Trichopoulou, MD, Tilman Kühn, PhD, Prof Diederick E Grobbee, MD, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, MD, Natasja van Schoor, MD, Prof Heiner Boeing, PhD, Prof Kim Overvad, MD, Prof Jussi Kauhanen, MD, Prof Nick Wareham, MD, Claudia Langenberg, MD, Prof Nita Forouhi, PhD, Maria Wennberg, PhD, Prof Jean-Pierre Després, DPhil, Prof Mary Cushman, MD, Jackie A Cooper, MSc, Prof Carlos J Rodriguez, MD, Masaru Sakurai, MD, Jonathan E Shaw, PhD, Prof Matthew Knuiman, PhD, Trudy Voortman, PhD, Prof Christa Meisinger, MD, Anne Tjønneland, MD, Prof Hermann Brenner, MD, Luigi Palmieri, PhD, Jean Dallongeville, MD, Prof Eric J Brunner, PhD, Prof Gerd Assmann, MD, Maurizio Trevisan, MD, Richard F Gillum, MD, Prof Ian Ford, PhD, Prof Naveed Sattar, FMedSci, Mariana Lazo, MD, Prof Simon G Thompson, FMedSci, Pietro Ferrari, PhD, Prof David A Leon, PhD, Prof George Davey Smith, MD, Prof Richard Peto, FRS, Prof Rod Jackson, PhD, Prof Emily Banks, PhD, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, MD, Prof John Danesh,


Summary:

Regularly drinking more than the recommended UK guidelines for alcohol could take years off your life, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. The study shows that drinking more alcohol is associated with a higher risk of stroke, fatal aneurysm, heart failure and death.

The authors say their findings challenge the widely held belief that moderate drinking is beneficial to cardiovascular health, and support the UK’s recently lowered guidelines. The study compared the health and drinking habits of over 600,000 people in 19 countries worldwide and controlled for age, smoking, history of diabetes, level of education and occupation.

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Publication: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Early F, Wellwood I, Kuhn I, Deaton C, Fuld J.Int

2018 Oct 29;13:3571-3586

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Publication: Nature

Sun BB, Maranville JC, Peters JE, Stacey D, Staley JR, Blackshaw J, et al.

2018 Jun;558(7708):73-79

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Publication: Nature Communications

Stefan Gräf, Matthias Haimel, Marta Bleda, Charaka Hadinnapola, Laura Southgate, Wei Li, Joshua Hodgson, Bin Liu, Richard M. Salmon, Mark Southwood, Rajiv D. Machado, Jennifer M. Martin, Carmen M. Treacy, Katherine Yates, Louise C. Daugherty, Olga Shamardina, Deborah Whitehorn, Simon Holden, Micheala Aldred, Harm J. Bogaard, Colin Church, Gerry Coghlan, Robin Condliffe, Paul A. Corris, Cesare Danesino, Mélanie Eyries, Henning Gall, Stefano Ghio, Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, J. Simon R. Gibbs, Barbara Girerd, Arjan C. Houweling, Luke Howard, Marc Humbert, David G. Kiely, Gabor Kovacs, Robert V. MacKenzie Ross, Shahin Moledina, David Montani, Michael Newnham, Andrea Olschewski, Horst Olschewski, Andrew J. Peacock, Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Inga Prokopenko, Christopher J. Rhodes, Laura Scelsi, Werner Seeger, Florent Soubrier, Dan F. Stein, Jay Suntharalingam, Emilia M. Swietlik, Mark R. Toshner, David A. van Heel, Anton Vonk Noordegraaf, Quinten Waisfisz, John Wharton, Stephen J. Wort, Willem H. Ouwehand, Nicole Soranzo, Allan Lawrie, Paul D. Upton, Martin R. Wilkins, Richard C. Trembath & Nicholas W. Morrell


Summary:

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a fatal lung disease and causes the walls of the arteries become thick and stiff, narrowing the space for blood to pass through and increasing blood pressure then leading to heart failure.

The disease kills 50% of those affected within five years, but little was known about what caused the condition in some people. Now experts say they have discovered five genes that cause the illness and could pave the way for more treatments.

Scientists carried out the largest ever genetic study of the disease by analysing the genomes – the unique sequence of a person’s DNA – of more than 1,000 PAH patients for whom the cause of the illness was unknown.

They found that mutations in five genes were responsible for causing the illness in these people, including in four genes that were not previously known to be involved in the disease. In people with the condition these genes fail to effectively produce the proteins that are required for the structure, function and regulation of the body’s tissues, researchers found.

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Publication: Nature Reviews Neurology

Evans NR, Tarkin JM, Buscombe JR, Markus HS, Rudd JHF, Warburton EA.

2018 May;14(5):313

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Publication: Circ Cardiovasc Imaging

Huang Y, Teng Z, Elkhawad M, Tarkin JM, Joshi N, Boyle JR, Buscombe JR, Fryer TD, Zhang Y, Park AY, Wilkinson IB, Newby DE, Gillard JH, Rudd JH. 2016 Nov;9(11). pii: e004656. PMID: 27903534

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Publication: Nat Commun

Irkle A, Vesey AT, Lewis DY, Skepper JN, Bird JL, Dweck MR, Joshi FR, Gallagher FA, Warburton EA, Bennett MR, Brindle KM, Newby DE, Rudd JH, Davenport AP. 2015 Jul 7;6:7495. doi: 10.1038/ncomms8495. PMID: 26151378

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Publication: Circ Cardiovasc Imaging

Brown AJ, Obaid DR, Costopoulos C, Parker RA, Calvert PA, Teng Z, Hoole SP, West NE, Goddard M, Bennett MR. 2015 Oct;8(10):e003487. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.003487. PMID: 26429760

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Publication: Circ Cardiovasc Imaging

Brown AJ, Teng Z, Calvert PA, Rajani NK, Hennessy O, Nerlekar N, Obaid DR, Costopoulos C, Huang Y, Hoole SP, Goddard M, West NE, Gillard JH, Bennett MR. 2016 Jun;9(6). pii: e004172. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.004172. PMID: 27307548

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Publication: Thorax

Loutsios C, Farahi N, Simmonds R, Cullum I, Gillett D, Solanki C, Solanki K, Buscombe J, Condliffe AM, Peters AM, Chilvers ER. 2015 Nov;70(11):1085-6. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207156. PMID: 26108571

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Publication: Am J Respir Crit Care Med

Juss JK, House D, Amour A, Begg M, Herre J, Storisteanu DM, Hoenderdos K, Bradley G, Lennon M, Summers C, Hessel EM, Condliffe A, Chilvers ER. 2016 Oct 15;194(8):961-973. PMID: 27064380

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Publication: Nat Med.

Long L, Ormiston ML, Yang X, Southwood M, Gräf S, Machado RD, Mueller M, Kinzel B, Yung LM, Wilkinson JM, Moore SD, Drake KM, Aldred MA, Yu PB, Upton PD, Morrell NW. 2015 Jul;21(7):777-85. doi: 10.1038/nm.3877. PMID: 26076038

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Publication: Lancet Respir Med

Evans JD, Girerd B, Montani D, Wang XJ, Galiè N, Austin ED, Elliott G, Asano K, Grünig E, Yan Y, Jing ZC, Manes A, Palazzini M, Wheeler LA, Nakayama I, Satoh T, Eichstaedt C, Hinderhofer K, Wolf M, Rosenzweig EB, Chung WK, Soubrier F, Simonneau G, Sitbon O, Gräf S, Kaptoge S, Di Angelantonio E, Humbert M, Morrell NW. 2016 Feb;4(2):129-37. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(15)00544-5. PMID: 26795434

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Publication: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Cowburn AS, Crosby A, Macias D, Branco C, Colaço RD, Southwood M, Toshner M, Crotty Alexander LE, Morrell NW, Chilvers ER, Johnson RS. 2016 Aug 2;113(31):8801-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1602978113.

PMID: 27432976

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Publication:

Hurst LA, Dunmore BJ, Long L, Crosby A, Al-Lamki R, Deighton J, Southwood M, Yang X, Nikolic MZ, Herrera B, Inman GJ, Bradley JR, Rana AA, Upton PD, Morrell NW.

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