Publications

Publication: BMC Medicine

Lois Kim, Nicholas Boxall, Anne George, Keith Burling, Pete Acher, Jonathan Aning, Stuart McCracken, Toby Page and Vincent J. Gnanapragasam

17 April 2020


At the moment if a man is referred for suspected prostate cancer he has to undergo an MRI scan and perhaps a prostate biopsy to find out if he has the disease. This costs a lot of money and means many hospital visits and potentially dangerous side effects (bleeding or infections from the biopsy). In this study researchers wanted to test if using a new biomarker blood test called PHI could reduce the number of unnecessary investigations for suspected prostate cancer. To do this they measured the phi levels in over 500 men from 5 hospitals and tested how effective it was at selecting men for further investigations.

They found that if the PHI test was used to decide who should go onto have MRI and biopsies, doctors would reduce the number of scans needed by 25% and the number of biopsies needed by 40%, but still find the same number of prostate cancers. Moreover, using this test and pathway would save the NHS a lot of money as it is much cheaper than the current pathway.

Hospital visits and appointments could also be drastically reduced, which is particularly important in these days of shielding and social distancing to help with the COVID crisis.

View publication

Publication: Nature

Luiza Moore, Daniel Leongamornlert, Tim H. H. Coorens, Mathijs A. Sanders, Peter Ellis, Stefan Dentro, Kevin Dawson, Tim Butler, Raheleh Rahbari, Thomas J Mitchell, Francesco Maura, Jyoti Nangalia, Patrick S. Tarpey, Simon F. Brunner, Henry Lee-Six, Yvette Hooks, Sarah Moody, Krishnaa Mahbubani, Mercedes Jimenez-Linan, Jan J. Brosens, Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, Inigo Martincorena, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Peter J. Campbell, Michael R. Stratton

22 April 2020


This paper looks at somatic mutation (changes in the DNA) in healthy human tissue in the endometrium (womb lining) and provides insights into the earliest stages of uterine cancer development, which is the fourth most common cancer in women in the UK.

Many cells in the inner lining of the uterus carry ‘cancer-driving’ mutations that frequently arise early in life. Using whole-genome sequencing to better understand the genetic changes in healthy endometrial tissue, the researchers found that a high proportion of cells carry driver mutations, even though they appear completely normal under the microscope. Furthermore the team found that many of these driver mutations appear to have arisen early in life, in many cases during childhood.

View publication

Publication: Science

Tim H. H. Coorens, Taryn D. Treger, Reem Al-Saadi, Luiza Moore, Maxine G. B., Thomas J. Mitchell, Suzanne Tugnait, Christine Thevanesan, Matthew D. Young, Thomas R. W. Oliver, Minou Oostveen, Grace Collord, Patrick S. Tarpey, Alex Cagan, Yvette Hooks, Mark Brougham, Ben C. Reynolds, Giuseppe Barone, John Anderson, Mette Jorgensen, G. A. Amos Burke, Johannes Visser, James C. Nicholson, Naima Smeulders, Imran Mushtaq, Grant D. Stewart, Peter J. Campbell, David C. Wedge, Iñigo Martincorena, Dyanne Rampling, Liz Hook, Anne Y. Warren, Nicholas Coleman, Tanzina Chowdhury, Neil Sebire, Jarno Drost, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Michael R. Stratton, Karin Straathof, Kathy Pritchard-Jones, Sam Behjati

6 December 2019

_________________________________________________________________

Summary:

Wilms tumour is the most common type of kidney cancer in childhood but it was not previously known how it arose in children’s kidneys. This research found out that both pediatric and adult kidney cancer arise in a similar way, from premalignant clonal expansions.

View publication

Publication: Nature

Henry Lee-Six, Sigurgeir Olafsson, Peter Ellis, Robert J. Osborne, Mathijs A. Sanders, Luiza Moore, Nikitas Georgakopoulos, Franco Torrente, Ayesha Noorani, Martin Goddard, Philip Robinson, Tim H. H. Coorens, Laura O’Neill, Christopher Alder, Jingwei Wang, Rebecca C. Fitzgerald, Matthias Zilbauer, Nicholas Coleman, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Inigo Martincorena, Peter J. Campbell & Michael R. Stratton

23 October 2019

________________________________________________________________

This was a study of early changes in human colorectal tissue that could lead to adenomas/carconomas. These are rare outcomes even after a substantially increased mutational burden has been placed on the tissue, but it is important to study the earliest stages of colorectal carcinogenesis.

View publication

Publication: Nature Genetics

Geoff Macintyre, Teodora E. Goranova, Dilrini De Silva, Darren Ennis, Anna M. Piskorz, Matthew Eldridge, Daoud Sie, Liz-Anne Lewsley, Aishah Hanif, Cheryl Wilson, Suzanne Dowson, Rosalind M. Glasspool, Michelle Lockley, Elly Brockbank, Ana Montes, Axel Walther, Sudha Sundar, Richard Edmondson, Geoff D. Hall, Andrew Clamp, Charlie Gourley, Marcia Hall, Christina Fotopoulou, Hani Gabra, James Paul, Anna Supernat, David Millan, Aoisha Hoyle, Gareth Bryson, Craig Nourse, Laura Mincarelli, Luis Navarro Sanchez, Bauke Ylstra, Mercedes Jimenez-Linan, Luiza Moore, Oliver Hofmann, Florian Markowetz, Iain A. McNeish and James D. Brenton

13 August 2018


Summary:

Researchers have found distinct patterns of DNA rearrangement that are linked to patient outcomes.

In this study of ovarian cancer samples from over 500 women, the research team harnessed big data processing techniques to look for broad patterns in the genetic readouts from ovarian cancer cells.

Rather than focusing on the detail of each individual mistake in the DNA, they designed powerful computer algorithms to scan the genetic data, finding seven distinct patterns.

They showed that each pattern, or “signature”, represented a different mechanism of DNA mutation. Taken together, these signatures were able to make sense of the chaos seen in ovarian cancer genomes. Read the full story here

View publication

Publication: New England Journal

von Minckwitz G, Huang CS, Mano MS, Loibl S, Mamounas EP, Untch M, et al.

14 February 2019

View publication

Publication: Nature

Rueda OM, Sammut SJ, Seoane JA, Chin SF, Caswell-Jin JL, Callari M, et al.

13 March 2019

View publication

Publication: EMBO Molecular Medicine

Damgaard RB, Elliott PR, Swatek KN, Maher ER, Stepensky P, Elpeleg O, et al.

25 February 2019

View publication

Publication: British Journal of Cancer

Escala-Garcia M, Guo Q, Dork T, Canisius S, Keeman R, Dennis J, et al.

21 February 2019

View publication

Publication: Nat Genetics

Frankell AM, Jammula S, Li X, Contino G, Killcoyne S, Abbas S, et al.

4 February 2019

View publication

Publication: Lancet

Januszewicz W, Corrie P, Liu H, Chan J, Fitzgerald RC, di Pietro M.

16 March 2019

View publication

Publication: Lancet

Lord J, McMullan DJ, Eberhardt RY, Rinck G, Hamilton SJ, Quinlan-Jones E, et al. Lancet.

23 February 2019

View publication

Publication: Nature Communications

Jiang X, Finucane HK, Schumacher FR, Schmit SL, Tyrer JP, Han Y, et al.

25 January 2019

View publication

Publication: Nature Communications

Caswell-Jin JL, McNamara K, Reiter JG, Sun R, Hu Z, Ma Z, et al.

8 February 2019

View publication

Publication: European Journal of Radiology

Barrett T, Lawrence EM, Priest AN, Warren AY, Gnanapragasam VJ, Gallagher FA, et al.

17 November 2018

View publication

Publication: Journal of Clinical Oncology

Bhattacharya IS, Haviland JS, Kirby AM, Kirwan CC, Hopwood P, Yarnold JR, et al.

11 December 2018

View publication

Publication: Genetics in Medicine

Lee A, Mavaddat N, Wilcox AN, Cunningham AP, Carver T, Hartley S, Babb de Villiers C, Izquierdo A, Simard J, Schmidt MK, Walter FM, Chatterjee N, Garcia-Closas M, Tischkowitz M, Pharoah P, Easton DF, Antoniou AC.

15 January 2019

View publication

Publication: New England Journal

Grinfeld J, Nangalia J, Baxter EJ, Wedge DC, Angelopoulos N, Cantrill R, Godfrey AL, Papaemmanuil E, Gundem G, MacLean C, Cook J, O’Neil L, O’Meara S, Teague JW, Butler AP, Massie CE, Williams N, Nice FL, Andersen CL, Hasselbalch HC, Guglielmelli P, McMullin MF, Vannucchi AM, Harrison CN, Gerstung M, Green AR, Campbell PJ.

11 October 2018

View publication

Publication: The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Fisher H, Oluboyede Y, Chadwick T, Abdel-Fattah M, Brennand C, Fader M, Harrison S, Hilton P, Larcombe J, Little P, McClurg D, McColl E, N’Dow J, Ternent L, Thiruchelvam N, Timoney A, Vale L, Walton K, von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff A, Wilkinson J, Wood R, Pickard R.

1 September 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature

Lee-Six H, Øbro NF, Shepherd MS, Grossmann S, Dawson K, Belmonte M, Osborne RJ, Huntly BJP, Martincorena I, Anderson E, O’Neill L, Stratton MR, Laurenti E, Green AR, Kent DG, Campbell PJ.

5 September 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature Communications

Li X, Francies HE, Secrier M, Perner J, Miremadi A, Galeano-Dalmau N, Barendt WJ, Letchford L, Leyden GM, Goffin EK, Barthorpe A, Lightfoot H, Chen E, Gilbert J, Noorani A, Devonshire G, Bower L, Grantham A, MacRae S, Grehan N, Wedge DC, Fitzgerald RC, Garnett MJ.

30 July 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature Genetics

Gozdecka M, Meduri E, Mazan M, Tzelepis K, Dudek M, Knights AJ, Pardo M, Yu L, Choudhary JS, Metzakopian E, Iyer V, Yun H, Park N, Varela I, Bautista R, Collord G, Dovey O, Garyfallos DA, De Braekeleer E, Kondo S, Cooper J, Göttgens B, Bullinger L, Northcott PA, Adams D, Vassiliou GS, Huntly BJP.

7 May 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature Genetics

Schumacher FR, Al Olama AA, Berndt SI, Benlloch S, Ahmed M, Saunders EJ, Dadaev T, Leongamornlert D, Anokian E, Cieza-Borrella C, Goh C, Brook MN, Sheng X, Fachal L, Dennis J, Tyrer J, Muir K, Lophatananon A, Stevens VL, Gapstur SM, Carter BD, Tangen CM, Goodman PJ, Thompson IM Jr, Batra J, Chambers S, Moya L, Clements J, Horvath L, Tilley W, Risbridger GP, Gronberg H, Aly M, Nordström T, Pharoah P, Pashayan N, Schleutker J, Tammela TLJ, Sipeky C, Auvinen A, Albanes D, Weinstein S, Wolk A, Håkansson N, West CML, Dunning AM, Burnet N, Mucci LA, Giovannucci E, Andriole GL, Cussenot O, Cancel-Tassin G, Koutros S, Beane Freeman LE, Sorensen KD, Orntoft TF, Borre M, Maehle L, Grindedal EM, Neal DE, Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Martin RM, Travis RC, Key TJ, Hamilton RJ, Fleshner NE, Finelli A, Ingles SA, Stern MC, Rosenstein BS, Kerns SL, Ostrer H, Lu YJ, Zhang HW, Feng N, Mao X, Guo X, Wang G, Sun Z, Giles GG, Southey MC, MacInnis RJ, FitzGerald LM, Kibel AS, Drake BF, Vega A, Gómez-Caamaño A, Szulkin R, Eklund M, Kogevinas M, Llorca J, Castaño-Vinyals G, Penney KL, Stampfer M, Park JY, Sellers TA, Lin HY, Stanford JL, Cybulski C, Wokolorczyk D, Lubinski J, Ostrander EA, Geybels MS, Nordestgaard BG, Nielsen SF, Weischer M, Bisbjerg R, Røder MA, Iversen P, Brenner H, Cuk K, Holleczek B, Maier C, Luedeke M, Schnoeller T, Kim J, Logothetis CJ, John EM, Teixeira MR, Paulo P, Cardoso M, Neuhausen SL, Steele L, Ding YC, De Ruyck K, De Meerleer G, Ost P, Razack A, Lim J, Teo SH, Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Lessel D, Gamulin M, Kulis T, Kaneva R, Usmani N, Singhal S, Slavov C, Mitev V, Parliament M, Claessens F, Joniau S, Van den Broeck T, Larkin S, Townsend PA, Aukim-Hastie C, Dominguez MG, Castelao JE, Martinez ME, Roobol MJ, Jenster G, van Schaik RHN, Menegaux F, Truong T, Koudou YA; Profile Study, Xu J, Khaw KT, Cannon-Albright L, Pandha H, Michael A, Thibodeau SN, McDonnell SK, Schaid DJ, Lindstrom S, Turman C, Ma J, Hunter DJ, Riboli E, Siddiq A, Canzian F, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Hoover RN, Machiela MJ, Cui Z, Kraft P; Australian Prostate Cancer BioResource (APCB); IMPACT Study; Canary PASS Investigators; Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3); PRACTICAL (Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer-Associated Alterations in the Genome) Consortium; Cancer of the Prostate in Sweden (CAPS); Prostate Cancer Genome-wide Association Study of Uncommon Susceptibility Loci (PEGASUS); Genetic Associations and Mechanisms in Oncology (GAME-ON)/Elucidating Loci Involved in Prostate Cancer Susceptibility (ELLIPSE) Consortium, Amos CI, Conti DV, Easton DF, Wiklund F, Chanock SJ, Henderson BE, Kote-Jarai Z, Haiman CA, Eeles RA.

11 June 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature Communications

Dadaev T, Saunders EJ, Newcombe PJ, Anokian E, Leongamornlert DA, Brook MN, Cieza-Borrella C, Mijuskovic M, Wakerell S, Olama AAA, Schumacher FR, Berndt SI, Benlloch S, Ahmed M, Goh C, Sheng X, Zhang Z, Muir K, Govindasami K, Lophatananon A, Stevens VL, Gapstur SM, Carter BD, Tangen CM, Goodman P, Thompson IM Jr, Batra J, Chambers S, Moya L, Clements J, Horvath L, Tilley W, Risbridger G, Gronberg H, Aly M, Nordström T, Pharoah P, Pashayan N, Schleutker J, Tammela TLJ, Sipeky C, Auvinen A, Albanes D, Weinstein S, Wolk A, Hakansson N, West C, Dunning AM, Burnet N, Mucci L, Giovannucci E, Andriole G, Cussenot O, Cancel-Tassin G, Koutros S, Freeman LEB, Sorensen KD, Orntoft TF, Borre M, Maehle L, Grindedal EM, Neal DE, Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Martin RM, Travis RC, Key TJ, Hamilton RJ, Fleshner NE, Finelli A, Ingles SA, Stern MC, Rosenstein B, Kerns S, Ostrer H, Lu YJ, Zhang HW, Feng N, Mao X, Guo X, Wang G, Sun Z, Giles GG, Southey MC, MacInnis RJ, FitzGerald LM, Kibel AS, Drake BF, Vega A, Gómez-Caamaño A, Fachal L, Szulkin R, Eklund M, Kogevinas M, Llorca J, Castaño-Vinyals G, Penney KL, Stampfer M, Park JY, Sellers TA, Lin HY, Stanford JL, Cybulski C, Wokolorczyk D, Lubinski J, Ostrander EA, Geybels MS, Nordestgaard BG, Nielsen SF, Weisher M, Bisbjerg R, Røder MA, Iversen P, Brenner H, Cuk K, Holleczek B, Maier C, Luedeke M, Schnoeller T, Kim J, Logothetis CJ, John EM, Teixeira MR, Paulo P, Cardoso M, Neuhausen SL, Steele L, Ding YC, De Ruyck K, De Meerleer G, Ost P, Razack A, Lim J, Teo SH, Lin DW, Newcomb LF, Lessel D, Gamulin M, Kulis T, Kaneva R, Usmani N, Slavov C, Mitev V, Parliament M, Singhal S, Claessens F, Joniau S, Van den Broeck T, Larkin S, Townsend PA, Aukim-Hastie C, Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao JE, Martinez ME, Roobol MJ, Jenster G, van Schaik RHN, Menegaux F, Truong T, Koudou YA, Xu J, Khaw KT, Cannon-Albright L, Pandha H, Michael A, Kierzek A, Thibodeau SN, McDonnell SK, Schaid DJ, Lindstrom S, Turman C, Ma J, Hunter DJ, Riboli E, Siddiq A, Canzian F, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Hoover RN, Machiela MJ, Kraft P; PRACTICAL (Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer-Associated Alterations in the Genome) Consortium, Freedman M, Wiklund F, Chanock S, Henderson BE, Easton DF, Haiman CA, Eeles RA, Conti DV, Kote-Jarai Z. F

11 June 2018

View publication

Publication: Nature medicine

Siu LL, Lawler M, Haussler D, Knoppers BM, Lewin J, Vis DJ, Liao RG, Andre F, Banks I, Barrett JC, Caldas C, Camargo AA, Fitzgerald RC, Mao M, Mattison JE, Pao W, Sellers WR, Sullivan P, Teh BT, Ward RL, ZenKlusen JC, Sawyers CL, Voest EE

5 May 2016

View publication

Publication: Nature genetics

Secrier M, Li X, de Silva N, Eldridge MD, Contino G, Bornschein J, MacRae S, Grehan N, O’Donovan M, Miremadi A, Yang TP, Bower L, Chettouh H, Crawte J, Galeano-Dalmau N, Grabowska A, Saunders J, Underwood T, Waddell N, Barbour AP, Nutzinger B, Achilleos A, Edwards PA, Lynch AG, Tavare S, Fitzgerald RC

5 September 2016

View publication

Publication: Nature

Sciacovelli M, Goncalves E, Johnson TI, Zecchini VR, da Costa AS, Gaude E, Drubbel AV, Theobald SJ, Abbo SR, Tran MG, Rajeeve V, Cardaci S, Foster S, Yun H, Cutillas P, Warren A, Gnanapragasam V, Gottlieb E, Franze K, Huntly B, Maher ER, Maxwell PH, Saez-Rodriguez J, Frezza C

31 August 2016

View publication

Publication: The Lancet Oncology

Rini BI, Stenzl A, Zdrojowy R, Kogan M, Shkolnik M, Oudard S, Weikert S, Bracarda S, Crabb SJ, Bedke J, Ludwig J, Maurer D, Mendrzyk R, Wagner C, Mahr A, Fritsche J, Weinschenk T, Walter S, Kirner A, Singh-Jasuja H, Reinhardt C, Eisen T

3 October 2016

View publication

Publication: Nature

Nik-Zainal S, Davies H, Staaf J, Ramakrishna M, Glodzik D, Zou X, Martincorena I, Alexandrov LB, Martin S, Wedge DC, Van Loo P, Ju YS, Smid M, Brinkman AB, Morganella S, Aure MR, Lingj√¶rde OC, Langer√∏d A, Ringn√©r M, Ahn SM, Boyault S, Brock JE, Broeks A, Butler A, Desmedt C, Dirix L, Dronov S, Fatima A, Foekens JA, Gerstung M, Hooijer GK, Jang SJ, Jones DR, Kim HY, King TA, Krishnamurthy S, Lee HJ, Lee JY, Li Y, McLaren S, Menzies A, Mustonen V, O’Meara S, Pauport√© I, Pivot X, Purdie CA, Raine K, Ramakrishnan K, Rodr√≠guez-Gonz√°lez FG, Romieu G, Sieuwerts AM, Simpson PT, Shepherd R, Stebbings L, Stefansson OA, Teague J, Tommasi S, Treilleux I, Van den Eynden GG, Vermeulen P, Vincent-Salomon A, Yates L, Caldas C, van’t Veer L, Tutt A, Knappskog S, Tan BK, Jonkers J, Borg √Ö, Ueno NT, Sotiriou C, Viari A, Futreal PA, Campbell PJ, Span PN, Van Laere S, Lakhani SR, Eyfjord JE, Thompson AM, Birney E, Stunnenberg HG, van de Vijver MJ, Martens JW, B√∏rresen-Dale AL, Richardson AL, Kong G, Thomas G, Stratton MR.

2 May 2016

View publication

Publication: Science (New York, NY)

Galloway A, Saveliev A, Lukasiak S, Hodson DJ, Bolland D, Balmanno K, Ahlfors H, Monzon-Casanova E, Mannurita SC, Bell LS, Andrews S, Diaz-Munoz MD, Cook SJ, Corcoran A, Turner M

22 April 2016

View publication

Publication: PLoS Medicine

Parkinson CA, Gale D, Piskorz AM, Biggs H, Hodgkin C, Addley H, Freeman S, Moyle P, Sala E, Sayal K, Hosking K,  Gounaris I,  Jimenez-Linan M, Earl HM, Qian W, Rosenfeld N, Brenton JD

20 December 2016

View publication

Publication: The Lancet Oncology

Gharahkhani P, Fitzgerald RC, Vaughan TL, Palles C, Gockel I, Tomlinson I, Buas MF, May A, Gerges C, Anders M, Becker J, Kreuser N, Noder T, Venerito M, Veits L, Schmidt T, Manner H, Schmidt C, Hess T, Bohmer AC, Izbicki JR, Holscher AH, Lang H, Lorenz D, Schumacher B, Hackelsberger A, Mayershofer R, Pech O, Vashist Y, Ott K, Vieth M, Weismuller J, Nothen MM, Attwood S, Barr H, Chegwidden L, de Caestecker J, Harrison R, Love SB, MacDonald D, Moayyedi P, Prenen H, Watson RG, Iyer PG, Anderson LA, Bernstein L, Chow WH, Hardie LJ, Lagergren J, Liu G, Risch HA, Wu AH, Ye W, Bird NC, Shaheen NJ, Gammon MD, Corley DA, Caldas C, Moebus S, Knapp M, Peters WH, Neuhaus H, Rosch T, Ell C, MacGregor S, Pharoah P, Whiteman DC, Jankowski J, Schumacher J

12 August 2016

View publication

Publication: Cell

Bruna A, Rueda OM, Greenwood W, Batra AS, Callari M, Batra RN, Pogrebniak K, Sandoval J, Cassidy JW, Tufegdzic-Vidakovic A, Sammut SJ, Jones L, Provenzano E, Baird R, Eirew P, Hadfield J, Eldridge M, McLaren-Douglas A, Barthorpe A, Lightfoot H, O’Connor MJ, Gray J, Cortes J, Baselga J, Marangoni E, Welm AL, Aparicio S, Serra V, Garnett MJ, Caldas C

15 September 2016

View publication

Publication: The Lancet Oncology

Armstrong AJ, Halabi S, Eisen T, Broderick S, Stadler WM, Jones RJ, Garcia JA, Vaishampayan UN, Picus J, Hawkins RE, Hainsworth JD, Kollmannsberger CK, Logan TF, Puzanov I, Pickering LM, Ryan CW, Protheroe A, Lusk CM, Oberg S, George DJ

13 January 2016

View publication