CUH Panel Welcome Pack
Welcome pack for new CUH
Patient and Public Involvement panel members
Quick links to the content on this page
- Introduction letter
- The PPI team
- How does PPI help research?
- What do members of the CUH PPI panel do?
- Benefits of joining the CUH PPI Panel
- Giving feedback to researchers
- Payment and expenses policy
- Privacy and confidentiality
- Where can I apply to join the CUH PPI panel?
Patient and Public Involvement,
Research and Development Department,
Box 406, Cambridge Biomedical Campus,
Hills Road, Cambridge,
Dear new panel member
Thank you for your interest in the Cambridge University Hospitals (CUH) Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) Panel. Our panel members assist researchers to improve research and make sure it is relevant to participants, benefitting patients now and in the future. We hope that you will join us and encourage you to ask if anything is unclear or you’d simply like to find out more.
On this web page you can find:
- An introduction to the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) PPI team
- An overview of what the CUH PPI Panel does and some of the perks of joining
- Information on providing feedback to researchers
- Expenses information
If you would like to join the panel, please get in contact with our team at firstname.lastname@example.org
We will then send you a joining form for you to complete, sign and return to us via email. If this is difficult for you, please let us know and we can arrange for a pre-paid envelope to be sent to you instead. If you would like to have a chat with someone from the PPI team before joining, we’d be happy to organise one. Once you have joined the panel, we can share with you some other helpful materials and get started!
I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Patient and Public Involvement Lead
The PPI team
Dr Amanda Stranks, PPI Strategy Lead
Amanda is the Strategy Lead for Patient and Public Involvement and Engagement (PPI/E) and Communications at the Cambridge BRC. Amanda directs the overall strategy of our PPI team, working with researchers and the community to make the research that goes on at CUH accessible to everyone.
Before moving into PPI, Amanda worked as a scientific researcher, having gained a doctorate in Immunology from the University of Oxford and a master’s degree in Public Health from the University of Cambridge. She is passionate about scientific communication and involving patients and the general public in all stages of research.
Gail Holloway, PPI Coordinator (CUH PPI Panel)
Gail Holloway is the PPI Coordinator for the CUH PPI Panel. Gail is the main point of contact for CUH panel members and acts as a go-between for panel members and researchers. She also works closely with Amanda to help researchers design PPI plans for their research.
Gail previously worked for the Ophthalmology department, as a theatre coordinator. Prior to this, she was responsible for rebuilding both the paediatric Sleep Study and Long-Term Ventilation services for children with respiratory disorders. Gail is currently studying a BA (hons) degree in English Literature and Creative Writing in her spare time.
Georgina Norris, PPI Coordinator (NIHR BioResource)
Georgina is the PPI Coordinator for the NIHR Cambridge BRC and looks after the NIHR BioResource Cambridge Centre Advisory Panel. The panel helps improve the recruitment and retention of volunteers to the NIHR BioResource Cambridge Centre, which has over 17,000 members. BioResource volunteers take part in research studies based on their DNA profile and other information like health, gender and ethnicity. Georgina also looks after the NIHR BioResource National Participant Advisory Group (NPAG) , who provide input on operational and strategic matters that impact over 205,000 NIHR BioResource volunteers.
Georgina organises activities and events for NIHR Cambridge BRC including rare disease national events. She has previously worked for NHS Blood and Transplant as a Marketing Coordinator and has a background in media and event planning.
How does PPI help research?
Volunteers on the CUH PPI Panel bring fresh perspectives from outside the research community (scientists, doctors/healthcare staff and support staff) and help researchers in Cambridge to make sure their research meets the needs of patients.
People join the panel so they can:
• Work with researchers to improve health research
• Improve patients’ experience of taking part in research
• Discover more about the world-renowned research at the Cambridge BRC
• Learn more about health care research
• Develop new skills
Panel members share their thoughts on research projects through activities like discussion groups, commenting on documents and completing surveys, to help make sure that scientists and clinicians do research that serves the needs of patients and the public.
You don’t need any prior experience or knowledge to contribute, just a willingness to share your opinions and questions to make research better for everyone. All opinions are equally important! We welcome new members from all backgrounds aged 16 or over.
This Welcome Pack will summarise the work we do at CUH and the NIHR Cambridge BRC, but if you are interested, the NIHR has lots of online resources to help members of the public get involved in research across the country. For more information see the NIHR website page ‘I want to learn about research‘.
What do members of the CUH PPI panel do?
Panel members are invited to share their opinions on research documents and proposals (ideas for research). This provides researchers with valuable perspectives (those of patients and the public) from outside of their experience that are relevant to their research. Researchers can improve their study proposal/design or revise the wording of their documents as a result. We often see the following types of documents, but we welcome anything and everything!
- Lay summaries: short pieces (usually under 500 words) summarising a research project in a way that is easy to understand for non-specialists.
- Patient/participant information sheets: a description of what taking part in a research study would mean for somebody, in an accessible and easy-to-read way (e.g. how long a study is, what you will do as a participant, what the research is aiming to find out etc.).
- Consent forms: forms that people sign before agreeing to take part in a study, share their personal information etc. These should be clear, easy to understand and consistent with information sheets.
- Invite letters: letters sent to people to invite them to be part of a research project.
First, researchers talk to the PPI coordinator about their research project and request PPI input from the CUH panel. The following process then takes place:
- Researchers complete a “Document Review Cover Sheet”, which provides an overview of their project.
- The PPI Coordinator shares the cover sheet and documents for review to panel members.
- If panel members are interested, they comment on the documents and return their feedback to the PPI Coordinator.
- The PPI Coordinator compiles an anonymised report summarising all feedback and shares this with the researcher
- The researcher makes any required changes to their document or project
- An update detailing changes made to the documents is shared with the panel
There are two types of document reviews that panel members can choose to be involved with, if they are interested and have time:
- Academic research. This is the bulk of the research we look at. Academic researchers are people who conduct research while employed by a university, hospital, or research institute using public (e.g., from the department of health or NIHR) funds, but sometimes using charity money. Many of our academic researchers come from CUH and other local NHS services such as GP surgeries and the Royal Papworth Hospital. We also work with academics from the University of Cambridge and Anglia Ruskin University, and scientists working on the Addenbrooke’s site at institutes like the Medical Research Council and Cancer Research UK.
- Industry research. Occasionally, we support private companies to incorporate PPI into their research, for example if a pharmaceutical company (such as AstraZeneca or Pfizer) would like input on documents that they are using as part of a clinical trial. In these cases, the company is charged a fee for service. You are welcome to opt out of industry reviews if you feel they are not of interest. If you currently work in the pharmaceutical industry, you will not be permitted to conduct industry document reviews.
Panel members are welcome to choose how they comment on the documents. Some panel members like to share their views as an email and others like to “track changes” within documents. More detail on how to give feedback can be found later in this pack, in the section Giving feedback to researchers.
To limit the number of emails panel members receive and maintain the number of responses at a meaningful level, projects are shared out equally across the panel – this means that you may not receive an invitation to every project.
Some research projects are more easily discussed in person. This usually happens when research is still at the very early stages and researchers would like to hear your thoughts on their initial ideas for the study design. Panel members can be invited to participate in focus or discussion groups, where panel members meet directly with a research team and the PPI Coordinator (sometimes via video call). Members decide whether they would like to be invited to these groups, and can choose which discussions to attend, depending on their interests and availability.
Further involvement opportunities
Panel members can also be invited to get further involved in research projects – for example, by joining an advisory committee or steering group for that project. External opportunities are usually shared with the panel in a Weekly Round-Up every Thursday.
Supporting researcher training sessions
The PPI Team provide PPI training for researchers and talks for members of the public interested in PPI. A key part of these trainings is hearing from a PPI contributor about their experiences i.e., how they got involved in PPI, what they like to see (and don’t like so much!) and why they enjoy their role. This is usually a short 5-minute talk followed by a Q&A session. All panel members are welcome to come and speak, regardless of how long they have been involved for.
Benefits of joining the CUH PPI Panel
It’s a very flexible, worthwhile way to volunteer your time!
- You don’t need to travel (unless you choose to attend in-person events).
- You choose which pieces of research to get involved with, depending on your time and personal interests; you are under no obligation to review any particular study or number of studies; our only requirement is that you get involved in a minimum of one activity (like a document review) per calendar year.
- You will receive feedback from researchers, so you know that your input has made a difference.
- You can withdraw from the panel at any time.
You will be supported by the CUH PPI Team
The CUH PPI Team will be in regular communication with you about any involvement opportunities you have expressed an interest in. In addition to this, we provide the following (optional) activities:
- Biannual panel meetings to meet the PPI team and other panel members. At these meetings we discuss our work and the future direction of the panel.
- Quarterly researcher talks: an exclusive opportunity for CUH panel members to interact directly with local researchers, who give a short presentation on their work, followed by a Q&A session.
- Learning opportunities for those who wish to develop their skills and share knowledge and expertise with staff and volunteers.
- A quarterly newsletter to keep everyone up to date, including a feedback report from our researchers and a calendar of other events and talks.
The PPI team are always available to help you and make your experience as a volunteer the best it can be. You are welcome to reach out via email at any time!
Your comments directly impact research
The following comments from researchers who have worked with the CUH PPI Panel illustrate how impactful the work of panel members can be.
‘This fresh unbiased perspective is so helpful to us as clinicians and innovators who can easily become wrapped up in what we are trying to achieve. Constructive criticism helps us to define more clearly what we are trying to achieve and communicate this better!’
Dr Kathryn Beardsall, Consultant Neonatologist
‘We were very grateful to receive your comments which were thoughtful, considered and constructive. Where edits or additional information were suggested, we have incorporated these as far as possible and the result has been a much-improved lay summary’
Dr Frances Early, Applied Health Research Lead, Respiratory Medicine
Giving feedback to researchers
Sometimes new (or experienced) panel members are unsure of what feedback researchers are looking for and worry that they are doing it ‘wrong’.
The right feedback for you
Whatever your impressions of the project were, that is the right feedback from you. This is still true (and especially important) if you found the research so difficult to understand or engage with that you didn’t make it to the end of what you were reviewing! If that is true for you, then it likely holds true for many others and could ultimately prevent them participating in the research. Please feel free to provide feedback, even if that feedback is ‘I wasn’t interested in this project’ or ‘I couldn’t understand anything, so couldn’t comment’. Questions and suggestions are very useful too.
What AND why
Any and all responses to a research project are useful to the researcher – it is helpful to know if you found a proposed project interesting, inspiring, concerning, ambiguous, obvious, alarming or anything else. What is even more useful, if you can, is the why. Helping the researcher understand why you have had a particular response is more likely to help them improve their research – what concerned you? What could they change to make it clear? Which bit is most alarming?
Spelling and grammar
It is up to you whether you choose to correct misspelled words and/or poor grammar. Suggestions about ways to improve the wording can be very helpful for researchers trying to make their research clear and engaging.
There is no wrong feedback, but delivery is important – please remember there is a person on the other end of the feedback! Negative feedback can be very useful to researchers but needs to be targeted at the specifics of the project, and not at the researcher themselves. For example, ‘this is the worst research I have ever seen’ would be much better delivered as ‘I feel strongly that this project needs significant changes to be successful, for example…’.
If (and only if!) you want some inspiration, here are some things you could think about. These are only thinking tools and are not more ‘right’ than any other feedback that you have given!
- Would I participate in the study if eligible? Would I recommend it to a close friend or family member with this condition? Why or why not?
- Is the explanation clear enough that I could explain this research to a friend?
- Would the intervention / medicine / treatment be what you wanted if you had this condition? Would you use it?
- What might stop me being able to take part, even if I wanted to?
- What information would I want to know before I agreed to take part? Who would I want to hear this information from?
- Were there any terms I needed to look up or passages I needed to re-read in order to understand what was happening?
- Is there anything that caused me to have a particularly strong response (positive or negative)? Which bit? Can I explain why?
Payment and expenses policy
We recognise and appreciate the time that panel members take to support research and the expertise that they bring. CUH PPI Panel members volunteer their time and most activities do not result in payment. This enables us to involve as many people as possible and allows us to make involvement opportunities through the panel flexible to your needs and circumstances. Panel members can undertake as few or as many activities as their interest and circumstances allow.
However, no-one should be out-of-pocket to be involved in our research. We will reimburse the following expenses related to in-person activities, with prior agreement from the PPI team:
- Travel and/or parking
- Stationery and equipment necessary to carry out in-person activities
Please use the most economic and practicable forms of transport for meeting your individual needs. Private vehicle travel expenses will be paid at 45p/mile. Please use the most direct route available, wherever possible. The cost of parking at the hospital site will be covered, and parking arrangements will be made clear for other venues. You will be supported to complete any reimbursement requests when they arise.
We do not routinely reimburse any digital costs (e.g., Internet or data use) associated with involvement. If the use of digital communications is a barrier to you, please let us know and we will explore the best way to move forwards.
There are currently no payments associated with any PPI activities arranged and managed by the CUH PPI Team for the panel. However, we are currently in the process of revising this policy so this may change in the future. Once the updated policy is available, it will be shared with all panel members.
Privacy and confidentiality
Anonymity for panel members
Anonymity for panel members is absolutely vital to ensure that everyone feels able to give honest feedback to researchers. Your contact details will not be passed on to researchers or anyone else without your permission. The feedback that you provide on different research projects is confidential and completely anonymous; researchers cannot tell who comments have come from. It is very important that your anonymity is preserved, so please do not contact any researchers using information you have gained through being a panel member (e.g. information about a specific research project) unless they have first invited you to do so. This applies even when you know the researcher in a personal or professional capacity; you must not inform that researcher that you have seen and/or commented on their documents.
Preserving the anonymity of panel members is also important to optimise the PPI experience for researchers. Building and maintaining trust with researchers is very important for the PPI Team. Researchers enter into an understanding with us that they will not be directly contacted by panel members unless otherwise requested, which is one of the reasons why an anonymous report is compiled by the PPI Coordinator. Receiving only this anonymous report (and not individual emails from multiple panel members revealing their identity) is beneficial for researchers for a number of reasons:
- Researchers are not affected by unconscious bias and view feedback from all panel members equally. Researchers may perceive or interpret feedback differently if they become aware that it has been sent by an ex-colleague, a patient, a friend, or someone with specific qualifications.
- Researchers view all feedback as a whole, so they cannot stop at the first response they read, or weight responses differently depending on the avenue used to return feedback.
- Researchers are very busy and often juggling multiple projects and responsibilities, including clinical duties. Only receiving one report with all feedback protects their inbox from becoming overwhelmed by dozens of emails, that would be difficult to sort through and likely get lost.
- Combining all feedback (positive and negative) through a single point of contact enables the PPI Team to work through all feedback with the researcher and work out next steps. This is especially important if there is lots of negative feedback that needs to be carefully considered. It is highly likely that if a researcher received multiple emails with negative feedback from several panel members directly to their inbox, they may choose not to engage in PPI again, which is something we want to avoid!
If you choose to leave the panel, all your personal information will be deleted from our records.
Confidentiality for researchers
All members of the CUH PPI Panel are asked to sign a confidentiality agreement when they join, stating that they will not discuss the research projects they are sent with anyone outside the panel. As a member of the panel, you will be considered a trusted member of the extended research team and this is the reason that you are privy to information that would otherwise be confidential. Therefore, you must not pass on any materials that are shared with you or discuss the details of research projects with anyone, even in passing. This applies to friends, colleagues, or people with lived experience of a condition that relates to research you are involved with through the CUH PPI Panel.
The fields of biomedical and health research are competitive, with many different research groups investigating similar subject areas. Researchers therefore have an expectation that their ideas will not be shared outside of the research team. The early-stage research that the panel views may later be associated with intellectual property (IP).
If you choose to download documents shared with you as part of a research project, it is best practice to delete these documents once the project is completed and we request that you do so. If you choose to leave the panel, please delete all documents that relate to your time as a CUH PPI Panel member.
You will not under any circumstances be sent any personal information relating to patients or study participants.
If you think you know somebody from outside the panel who would be interested in getting involved, please invite them to get in touch or let the PPI team know.
Where can I apply to join the CUH PPI Panel?
If you would like to receive a form to join Cambridge University Hospitals Patient and Public Involvement Panel, please contact our team by either;